Bushtucker @ Osprey House

These are the trees and plants that are found in the Osprey House environs and their uses as bushtucker and medicine.

Remember never to touch or use bushtucker and/or medicine without knowledgeable adult supervision.

Grey MangroveGrey Mangrove - Avicennia marina
Pollen is bee's food source to make honey.
Bitter fruits crushed, soaked/boiled in salt water, then roasted & eaten.
Light, strong timber made into boats, shields, digging sticks, spears & boomerangs.
Inner bark rubbed on stingray & stonefish stings.
Red Mangrove - Rhizophora stylosa
Reddish bark used for dye & tannins.
Wood used for spears & boomerangs & as firewood.
Red Mangrove
River Mangrove

River Mangrove - Aegiceras corniculatum
Pollen is bee's food source to make honey.
Salt is exuded out onto the leaves.

Cotton Tree - Hibiscus tiliaceus
Timber light & easily worked; used for fishing spears, fire sticks & canoes.
Inner bark fibre used for cord, fishing nets & lines.
Shoots & buds edible after cooking.
Bark infusion used as antiseptic for wounds which were then covered with the bark. Wood also used for splints.
Infusions could cool fevers & soothe coughs (leaves); treat dysentery (bark); ear infections & abscesses (flowers); & was also a laxative (bark & flowers).
Cotton Tree


Qld Blue Gum

Qld Blue Gum - Eucalyptus tereticornis
Bark used for canoes, as roofing material, torches, bowls.
Wood used for dishes, digging sticks & clubs.Wood for shields.
Source of honey.
Sweet nectar drank.

Qld Grey Iron Bark - Eucalyptus siderophloia
Bark used for canoes, as roofing material, torches, bowls.
Wood used for dishes, digging sticks & clubs.

Red wood used for shields & firewood; bridges & poles
Bark contains resins
Flowers can be soaked in water to make a sweet drink

Qld Grey Ironbark

Coastal She Oak

Coastal She-Oak - Casuarina equisetifolia
Wood for tannins, dyes, timber, firewood & charcoal.
Seeds taste like caraway.
Bitter bark extract used to treat diarrhoea & dysentery was gargled for sore throat; green seeds & shoots numbed toothache.
Swamp She-Oak - Casuarina glauca
Wood used for fuel & charcoal & for carving.
Bark used for canoe hulls.
Swamp She Oak

Black She Oak

Black She-Oak - Allocasuarina littoralis
Wood for carving boomerangs & firewood.
Wombat Berry - Eustrephus latifolius
The flesh of orange fruit, & tubers was eaten raw

Wombat Berry

Scrambling Lily

Scrambling Lily - Geitonoplesium cymosum
Fibre used for ropes.
New shoots tender & can be cooked like asparagus.
Mistletoe - Lysiana maritima
Aborigines of Stradbroke Island made a chewing gum by chewing the half-ripe fruits
Ruby Saltbush
Ruby Salt Bush - Enchylaena tomentosa
Round, red berries salty-sweet, & can be soaked in water & the liquid drank like sweetened tea.
Leaves can be cooked like spinach to remove toxins & eaten in small amounts. Is high in Vitamin C.
Sea Purslane - Sesuvium portulacastrum
Leaves & stems edible raw or cooked, but causes throat irritation

Sea Purslane

Wandering Jew

Wandering Jew - Commelina diffusa
Blue dye can be extracted from flowers
All parts are edible & contain high levels of Vitamin C
Berry Saltbush - Einadia hastata
Sweet red berries are edible.
Leaves edible after boiling to remove salt.
Berry Saltbush
Warrigal Greens
Warrigal Greens - Tetragonia tetragonioides
Was first eaten to prevent scurvy.
Young stems & leaves can be eaten as vegetables after blanching to remove toxins.
Prostrate Boobiala - Myoporum boninense ssp. Australe
Peppery ripe purple/pink berries eaten

Prostrate Boobiala


Tuckeroo - Cupaniopsis anacardioides
Timber used in woodwork & carving
Yellow-orange berries are edible
Black Wattle - Acacia concurrens
Bark & wood for carving
Seeds & roots were eaten
Bark infusion for coughs & colds
Black Wattle
Maiden's Wattle
Maiden’s Wattle - Acacia Maidenii
Good firewood.
Sugary clear sap able to be drunk.
Green seeds roasted & hard seeds roasted & ground before eating .

Fringe Wattle - Acacia fimbriata
Gum & seeds used as a source of bush-tucker.

Fringe Wattle
Flax LilyFlax Lily - Dianella longifolia, brevipedunculata, caerulea
Leaves used for baskets, belts & traps.
Ripe blue berries can be eaten raw or cooked.
Roots pounded into flour & roasted.

Lomandra hystix & longifolia
Long leaves used for nets, tools, bags & belts.
Soft white leaf-base edible & tastes like green peas.
Seeds & sweet flowers ground into a flour.

Slender Grapefruit
Slender Grapefruit - Cayratia clematidea
Round, black berry tastes pleasant but can irritate throat.
Small underground tubers prepared by beating them on stones before roasting.
Cockspur Thorn - Maclura cochinchinensis
Thorns used for fishing.
Edible orange globular fleshy seeds.

Cockspur Thorn

Osprey House would like to thank Lisa Stevenson for the information and images.